A camcorder is an electronic device combining a video camera and recorder. Although marketing materials may use the colloquial term “camcorder”, the name on the package and manual is often “video camera recorder”. Most devices capable of recording video are camera phones and digital cameras primarily intended for still pictures; the term “camcorder” is used to describe a portable, self-contained device, with video capture and recording its primary function.
Sony released the first consumer camcorder in 1983. The Betamovie BMC-100P used a Betamax cassette and rested on the operator’s shoulder, due to a design not permitting a single-handed grip. That year, JVC released the first VHS-C camcorder.
Earlier, the term camcorder exclusively referred to a camera with a recorder. But almost all of the electronic cameras built in 2006 provide recording capability essentially making them a “camcorder“. The term camcorder is now exclusively used for a particular camera range which provides advanced functions over more common cameras.